THE HISTORY OF GERMAN SPACE POLICY. Ideas, influences, and interdependence 1923-2002, Editions BEAUCHESNE

THE HISTORY OF GERMAN SPACE POLICY. Ideas, influences, and interdependence 1923-2002

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THE HISTORY OF GERMAN SPACE POLICY. Ideas, influences, and interdependence 1923-2002
Niklas Reinke, translated by Barry Smerin and Barbara Wilson
EAN/ISBN : 9782701015125
Nb de pages : 562 p
Année : 2007
93.00 €
The history of German space policy is also to a large extent the history of European activities in space. Niklas Reinke's book describes for the first time the concepts, the influencing factors and the interdependencies that had an impact on Germany's post-war programme in space.
The author describes very clearly why Germany had such difficulty in establishing a coherent space policy, compared for instance with France or other European countries, not to mention the USA. There was the historical background with Peenemende, there was the political obligation of the
transatlantic partnership, and there was the drive for European cooperation, in particular with France.
The book provides a fascinating in-depth look into the different phases of space activities in Germany over the years, and to a large extent also those in Europe, at the personalities involved and at the numerous projects carried out within the national programme or as bilateral programmes with the US and France, or of course, through European cooperation.
L'auteur. Dr. Niklas Reinke (* 1973) studied Political Science, Medieval History and Economics in Bonn, Germany. 2004, he received the PhD degree of the Rheinische Friedrich-Willhelms-Universität with his study on "German Space Politics". Since 2004, he is an employee of the Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR; German Aerospace Center), responsible for the corporate communications of the German Space Agency in Bonn. Before, Niklas Reinke was a freelance researcher at the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswërtige Politik (DGAP; German Council on Foreign Relations) in Berlin. His subjects had been Space and Security within the German and European context as well as Space Exploration.


SOMMAIRE

Preface to the book of Niklas Reinke "Geschichte der deutschen Raumfahrtpolitik"
Introduction
I. Rocket development in National Socialist Germany and its implications for the post-war period (up to 1955)
1. From engineer's dream to "retaliation weapon" : a new technology hijacked as an instrument of war policy
2. End of the war, demilitarisation, and the ban on aerospace research
Summary : The German space effort fails on the launch pad
II. The emergence of Federal German space policy (1955-1969)
1. German and European scientists - early involvement in space activities
2. A new national policy area
a. Concerns and initiatives of the Federal authorities
b. Creation of state structures
3. Emergence of a European space community
a. The founding of ESRO
b. The establishment and long-term crisis of ELDO
c. Towards applications satellites : founding of the CETS and participation in Intelsat
4. European versus transatlantic cooperation
a. Junior partnership with the United States : paving the way for Azur, Germany's "journeyman piece"
b. The beginning of Franco-German space cooperation : the Symphonie project
5. A German space
A sovereign task of the state
Inadequate funding
Lack of a national programme
III. The space policy of the Social Democratic-Liberal coalition (1969-1982)
1. Ministerial crisis management : the European Space Conference and its package deals
a. The first package deal : incorporation of applications satellites
b. The second package deal : national specialisation
. Spacelab
. Ariane
2. Reorganisation of European space activities : establishment of the European Space Agency (ESA)
3. New German space management bodies : the DFVLR and the Research Ministry's advisory bodies
4. Continuation of the national space programme : the shift towards applications
5. Continuation of Franco-German cooperation : the broadcasting satellite agreement
IV. Europe's quest for autonomy and changes in German space management (1982-1990)
1. Old and new priorities in the German space programme
2. ESA's long-term space programme : German interests and European compromises
a. The new definition of interests in Europe and President Reagan's invitation to participate in the international space station programme
b. Winning support in the Bundestag
c. The ministerial level : departmental interests and European coordination
d. Negotiations with the United States on the space station programme
3. Security as a new element in European space policy
a. SDI : a battle between fear of the "militarisation of space" and overestimates of the technical and economic potential
b. The first move towards a Franco-German satellite reconnaissance system
4. Reorganisation of German space management : establishment of the German Agency for Space Affairs (DARA)
5. Specialisation and concentration in the German aerospace industry
V. Space policy under new framework conditions (1990-2002)
1. The implications of German unification
a. Space research in the GDR
b. Involving the new Lander in space plans for the whole of Germany
2. New German plans for space activities
a. The Singer project : harbinger of a future transport system ?
b. The German space programme to the end of the millennium
c. Continuity in discontinuity : changes in German space management
3. The new European and international space scene
a. ESA's strategy review
b. Overcoming and ending the East-West conflict : Russia as a new partner
c. Europe united : ESA and EU cooperation in the space sector 432
4. The European dilemma over satellite reconnaissance
5. The Europeanisation of the aerospace industry
Conclusions : German space policy between independence and foreign domination
War as the father of space technology
Cautious return to the international community
Dominant foreign influence
Non-utilitarian objectives in German space policy
The role of individuals in the complex institutional framework
Decline in the development of national competence due to lack of continuity in management of the space sector
The reactive role of the Bundestag
Space policy as a cross-sectional task
The continuing need for negotiations at European level and for efforts to raise public awareness
Space as cultural achievement
List of abbreviations and acronyms
Bibliography
Index of names
List of tables
List of charts and diagrams






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